Line items: 


  1. Physiother Can. 2010 Summer;62(3):242-53. doi: 10.3138/physio.62.3.242. Epub 2010 Jul 23.

The effect of abdominal support on functional outcomes in patients following major abdominal surgery: a randomized controlled trial.

Cheifetz O, Lucy SD, Overend TJ, Crowe J.

Oren Cheifetz, PT, MSc: Clinical Specialist-Physiotherapy, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario.


  1. J Surg Educ. 2012 Jan-Feb;69(1):34-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2011.06.001. Epub 2011 Aug 3.

Effect of abdominal binders on pulmonary mechanics with implications for the military surgical population.

Hall AB, Northern D.

81st Medical Group, Keesler AFB, Mississippi 39534, USA.


  1. Am Surg. 2009 Feb;75(2):169-71.

The effect of abdominal binders on postoperativepulmonaryfunction.

Larson CM, Ratzer ER, Davis-Merritt D, Clark JR.

Department of Surgical Education, Exempla Saint Joseph Hospital, Denver, Colorado, USA.



Line items: 


  1. Am J Emerg Med. 1990 Jul;8(4):277-81.

A randomized clinical trial of rib belts for simple fractures.

Quick G.

Emergency Department, Barnes Hospital, St. Louis, Mo. 63110.


  1. Am J Emerg Med. 1989 Jan;7(1):97-100.

Use of rib belts in acute rib fractures.

Lazcano A, Dougherty JM, Kruger M.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Akron General Medical Center, OH 44307.




Line items: 


  1. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2013 Apr;23(3):323-8. doi: 10.1007/s00590-012-0982-3. Epub 2012 Apr 7.

Study on outcome of fracture shaft of the humerus treated non-operatively with a functional brace.

Kapil Mani KC, Gopal Sagar DC, Rijal L, Govinda KC, Shrestha BL.

Department of Orthopaedics, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.


  1. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000 Apr;82(4):478-86.

Functional bracing for the treatment of fractures of the humeral diaphysis.

Sarmiento A, Zagorski JB, Zych GA, Latta LL, Capps CA.

University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Florida, USA.


  1. Orthopedics. 2010 Aug 11;33(8). doi: 10.3928/01477447-20100625-16.

Outcome of nonoperative vs operative treatment of humeral shaft fractures: a retrospective study of 213 patients.

Denard A Jr, Richards JE, Obremskey WT, Tucker MC, Floyd M, Herzog GA.

Meharry Medical College, Vanderbilt Orthopedic Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 , USA.



Line items: 


  1. Am J Sports Med. 2009 Jan;37(1):56-64. doi: 10.1177/0363546508322896. Epub 2008 Sep 18.

Knee immobilization for pain control after a hamstring tendon anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a randomized clinical trial.

Hiemstra LA, Heard SM, Sasyniuk TM, Buchko GL, Reed JG, Monteleone BJ.

Banff Sport Medicine and Mineral Springs Hospital, Banff, Alberta, Canada.


  1. Am J Med Qual. 2013 Jul-Aug;28(4):335-8. doi: 10.1177/1062860612469440. Epub 2013 Jan 15.

Reducing costly falls of total knee replacement patients.

Cui Q, Schapiro LH, Kinney MC, Simon P, Poole A, Novicoff WM.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Box 800159, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.


  1. Clin J Sport Med. 2006 May;16(3):199-202.

Knee immobilization in the immediate post-operative period following ACL reconstruction: a survey of practice patterns of Canadian orthopedic surgeons.

Hiemstra LA, Veale K, Sasyniuk T.

Mineral Springs Hospital, Banff, AB, Canada.



Line items: 



  1. Oper Orthop Traumatol. 2012 Nov;24(6):513-26. doi: 10.1007/s00064-012-0218-z.

Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint

Fuhrmann RA, Pillukat T.

Klinik für Fuß- und Sprunggelenkschirurgie, Rhön-Klinikum, Bad Neustadt, Deutschland.


  1. J Vasc Surg. 2010 Sep;52(3 Suppl):37S-43S. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2010.06.007.

Off-loading the diabetic foot for ulcer prevention and healing.

Cavanagh PR, Bus SA.

Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-6500, USA.


  1. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31;1:CD002302. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002302.pub2.

Pressure-relieving interventions for treating diabetic foot ulcers.

Lewis J, Lipp A.

Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff, UK.



Line items: 


  1. Am J Emerg Med. 1999 Jul;17(4):401-7.

Current concepts in the treatment of anterior shoulder dislocations.

Wen DY.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia 65212, USA.


  1. Orthop Nurs. 2003 Sep-Oct;22(5):345-50; quiz 351-2.

Traumatic shoulder instability. Nonsurgical management versus surgical intervention.

Burgess B, Sennett BJ.

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.


  1. Am J Sports Med. 2001 Nov-Dec;29(6):699-703.

A prospective evaluation of untreated acute grade III acromioclavicular separations.

Schlegel TF, Burks RT, Marcus RL, Dunn HK.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City, USA.



Line items: 


  1. Am Fam Physician. 1997 Jan;55(1):121-8.

Management of clavicle fractures.

Eiff MP.

Oregon Health Sciences University School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Portland 97201, USA.


  1. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jun 6;6:CD009363. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009363.pub2.

Surgical versus conservative interventions for treating fractures of the middle third of the clavicle.

Lenza M, Buchbinder R, Johnston RV, Belloti JC, Faloppa F.


  1. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012 Mar;21(3):423-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.08.053. Epub 2011 Nov 6.

Treatment of clavicle fractures: current concepts review.

van der Meijden OA, Gaskill TR, Millett PJ.

Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, CO 81657, USA.



Line items: 


  1. J Plast Surg Hand Surg. 2013 Sep 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Long-term result and patient reported outcome of wrist splint treatment for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Povlsen B, Bashir M, Wong F.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Guy's & St. Thomas' Hospital NHS Trust , London , UK.


  1.  Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Jul 11;7:CD010003. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010003.

Splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome.

School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.


  1. Am J Occup Ther. 2013 Jul-Aug;67(4):448-59. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2013.006031.

Investigating the effectiveness of full-time wrist splinting and education in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial.

Hall B, Lee HC, Fitzgerald H, Byrne B, Barton A, Lee AH.

Occupational Therapy Hand and Upper Limb Clinic, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, Western Australia.



Line items: 


  1. J Hand Surg Br. 2003 Feb;28(1):50-3.

Minimally displaced Colles' fractures: a prospective randomized trial of treatment with a wrist splint or a plaster cast.

O'Connor D, Mullett H, Doyle M, Mofidi A, Kutty S, O'Sullivan M.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Merlin Park Hospital, Galway, Ireland.


  1. CJEM. 2010 May;12(3):192-200.

A prospective randomized controlled trial comparing circumferential casting and splinting in displaced Colles fractures.

Grafstein E, Stenstrom R, Christenson J, Innes G, MacCormack R, Jackson C, Stothers K, Goetz T.

Department of Emergency Medicine St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, BC.


  1. Injury. 1995 Nov;26(9):587-93.

A new functional brace for the treatment of Colles' fractures.

Moir JS, Murali SR, Ashcroft GP, Wardlaw D, Matheson AB.

Department of Orthopaedics, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Scotland, UK.



Line items: 


  1. J Neurotrauma. 2013 Nov 6. [Epub ahead of print]

Prehospital Use of Cervical Collars in Trauma Patients: A Critical Review.

Sundstrøm T, Asbjørnsen H, Habiba S, Sunde GA, Wester K.

1 Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen , Bergen, Norway .


  1. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jun 1;35(13):1271-8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181c0ddad.

Soft and rigid collars provide similar restriction in cervical range of motion during fifteen activities of daily living.

Miller CP, Bible JE, Jegede KA, Whang PG, Grauer JN.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8071, USA.


  1. Spine J. 2004 Nov-Dec;4(6):619-23.

The effectiveness of extrication collars tested during the execution of spine-board transfer techniques.

Del Rossi G, Heffernan TP, Horodyski M, Rechtine GR.

Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, School of Education, 312E Merrick Building, PO Box 248065, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124-2040, USA.


1Professor of Emergency Care, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK

2Specialist Trainee in Emergency Medicine, Academic Department of Emergency Care, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK

Corresponding author.

Jonathan Benger: ; Julian Blackham:



Line items: 


  • Dynamic Pressure Distribution Comparison
  • F-Scan Mobile pressure data.F-Scan System by Tekscan Inc.

    Performed at Woman’s College Footcare Center September 18 2007



    1. Conservative Therapy for Acute Lateral Ligament Lesions – Single Chamber vs. Two-Chamber Orthosis Systems” (Schmidt, Mainers, Reintges, Lipke, Benesch, Gerngross- Surgery Dept of the Federal Arm Hospital, Ulm, Germany, 1999)


    1.  Foot Ankle Int. 2013 Jan;34(1):75-9. doi: 10.1177/1071100712460197.

    Aircast walking boot and below-knee walking cast for avulsion fractures of the base of the fifth metatarsal: a comparative cohort study.

    Shahid MK, Punwar S, Boulind C, Bannister G.

    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Yeovil District Hospital, UK